In most cases, man's best friend is a reliable house pet and peaceful companion. Hidden behind their cute smiles and playful attitudes, however, can be the potential to cause extreme harm. Dogs that are not domesticated or who have not received rabies immunisation shots are a huge threat.
"Rabies is transmitted by a bite from a mammal species. That could be bats, foxes, rodents, etc. In the majority of cases it’s dogs," says Dr. Francois Meslin, a senior scientist of tropical diseases at the World Health Organisation. According to Meslin, 98 per cent of rabies cases are associated with a bite from a dog, resulting in 50,000 deaths a year. The majority of these occur in Asia, in countries such as India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.